A defoliant is any agent that removes dead skin cells from the surface stratum corneum to reveal the newer, smoother skin underneath. When we exfoliate we automatically cause skin renewal as the stratum germinativum is stimulated to push new cells upward towards the surface of the skin. Exfoliation has many benefits: it gives a smoother, softer skin texture; it removes dry, flaky patches resulting in a finer more translucent skin; it helps to clear congestion; and it creates a moist healthy glow to the skin. It is a cosmetic process based on abrasive, biological, enzymatic or acidic products which removes dead surfaces cells.
1.Slough off dead skin cells mechanically 2.Grains/granules (e.g., scrub), brush, buff puff pads
Rubbing Peel: 1.Friction massage rolls off cream & dead cells 2.Gum or Wax resin
Enzyme: 1.Digest the protein of dead skin cells 2.Papain, Bromelain, pancreatic enzymes
Hydroxy Acids (Alpha and Beta): 1.Dissolves intercellular glue that holds stratum corneum cells together 2.Lactic, Glycolic, Salicylic, Citric
Hydroxy Acid/Vitamin Combination: 1.Dissolves dead skin cells 2.Retinol with lactic and salicylic acid